Self-assessments are a common survey tool but, they can be difficult to analyze due to bias arising from systematic variation in individual reporting styles, known as reporting heterogeneity.
Anchoring vignette questions combined with the Compound Hierarchical Ordered Probit (CHOPIT) model, allows researchers to address this issue in survey data (King et al. 2004).
This methodology is based on two key identifying assumptions:
Response consistency (RC)
Vignette equivalence (VE)
In today’s blog we look more closely the fundamental pieces of this modeling technique including the:
Typical data set up.
Hierarchical Ordered Probit Model (HOPIT).
Likelihood and identifying assumptions used for estimation.
Dummy variables are a common econometric tool, whether working with time series, cross-sectional, or panel data. Unfortunately, raw datasets rarely come formatted with dummy variables that are regression ready.
In today’s blog, we explore several options for creating dummy variables from categorical data in GAUSS, including:
Creating dummy variables from a file using formula strings.
Creating dummy variables from an existing vector of categorical data.
Creating dummy variables from an existing vector of continuous variables.
Cointegration is an important tool for modeling the long-run relationships in time series data. If you work with time series data, you will likely find yourself needing to use cointegration at some point. This blog provides an in-depth introduction to cointegration and will cover all the nuts and bolts you need to get started.
Panel data, sometimes referred to as longitudinal data, is data that contains observations about different cross sections across time. Panel data exhibits characteristics of both cross-sectional data and time-series data. This blend of characteristics has given rise to a unique branch of time series modeling made up of methodologies specific to panel data structure. This blog offers a complete guide to those methodologies including the nature of panel data series, types of panel data, and panel data models.
In time series modeling we often encounter trending or nonstationary time series data. Understanding the characteristics of such data is crucial for developing proper time series models. For this reason, unit root testing is an essential step when dealing with time series data. In this blog post, we cover everything you need to conduct time series data unit root tests using GAUSS.
The statistical characteristics of time series data often violate the assumptions of conventional statistical methods. Because of this, analyzing time series data requires a unique set of tools and methods, collectively known as time series analysis. This article covers the fundamental concepts of time series analysis and should give you a foundation for working with time series data. Everything is covered from time series plotting to time series modeling.
The preliminary econometric package for Time Series and Panel Data Methods has been updated and functionality has been expanded in this first official release of tspdblib 1.0. The tspdlib 1.0 package includes functions for time series unit root tests in the presence of structural breaks, time series and panel data unit root tests in the presence of structural breaks, and panel data causality tests. It is available for direct installation using the GAUSS Package Manager.
The posterior probability distribution is the heart of Bayesian statistics and a fundamental tool for Bayesian parameter estimation. Naturally, how to infer and build these distributions is a widely examined topic, the scope of which cannot fit in one blog. In this blog, we examine bayesian sampling using three basic, but fundamental techniques, importance sampling, Metropolis-Hastings sampling, and Gibbs sampling.