## Basic functions

`new;` |
remove all variables from your GAUSS workspace. |

`cls;` |
clear program output from the GAUSS Program Input/Output Window. |

`f = filesa(file_pattern);` |
returns a string array containing all files that match 'file_pattern'. |

`chdir new_directory;` |
sets your GAUSS current working directory to 'new_directory'. |

`cwd = cdir(0);` |
returns your GAUSS current working directory. |

## Matrix creation

`x = { 1 2, 3 4 };` |
create a 2x2 matrix. |

`x = seqa(start, step, count);` |
creates a sequence of 'count' numbers starting at 'start' and increasing by 'step'. |

`x = seqm(start, mult, count);` |
creates a sequence of 'count' numbers starting at 'start' and increasing by a multiple of 'mult'. |

`x = zeros(m, n);` |
creates an 'm' by 'n' matrix with all elements set to 0. |

`x = ones(m, n);` |
creates an 'm' by 'n' matrix with all elements set to 1. |

`x = rndn(m, n);` |
creates an 'm' by 'n' matrix of random normal numbers. |

`x = rndu(m, n);` |
creates an 'm' by 'n' matrix of uniformly distributed random numbers. |

## Matrix manipulation

`a = x[row,col];` |
extract the element of 'x' located at 'row:col'. |

`a = x[.,col];` |
extract all rows of the specified column(s) of 'x'. |

`a = x[row,.];` |
extract all columns of the specified row(s) of 'x'. |

`a = x[r_start:r_end,.];` |
extract all columns from the row range 'row_start' to 'row_end'. |

`a = x[a b c, col];` |
extract the elements from rows 'a', 'b', and 'c' in column 'col'. |

`a = x ~ y;` |
horizontally concatenate 'x' and 'y'. |

`a = x | y;` |
vertically concatenate 'x' and 'y'. |

`a = reshape(x, m, n);` |
reshape 'x' to be an 'm' by 'n' matrix. |

`a = delrows(x, idx);` |
returns all rows of 'x' except those listed in 'idx'. |

`a = delif(x, logical);` |
returns all rows of 'x' except the rows that match a logical expression. |

`a = selif(x, logical);` |
returns all rows of 'x' that match a logical expression. |

## Operators

Element-by-element (ExE) operators | |

`z = x .* y;` |
Element-by-element multiply. |

`z = x ./ y;` |
Element-by-element divide. |

`z = x .^ y;` |
Element-by-element exponentiation. |

`z = x + y;` |
Element-by-element addition. |

`z = x - y;` |
Element-by-element subtraction. |

Matrix operators | |

`z = x * y;` |
Matrix multiply. |

`b = y / x;` |
Solve a system of linear equations. |

`z = x .*. y;` |
Kronecker product. |

`z = x';` |
Matrix transpose. |

Scalar logical operators | |

`z = x and y;` |
Scalar logical AND. |

`z = x or y;` |
Scalar logical OR. |

Element-by-element (ExE) logical operators | |

`z = x .and y;` |
Element-by-element logical AND. |

`z = x .or y;` |
Element-by-element logical OR. |

`z = x .> y;` |
Element-by-element greater than. |

`z = x .< y;` |
Element-by-element less than. |

`z = x .== y;` |
Element-by-element equality test. |

`z = x .!= y;` |
Element-by-element inequality test. |

Matrix logical operators | |

`z = x > y;` |
is every element in 'x' greater than its corresponding element in 'y'. |

`z = x < y;` |
is every element in 'x' less than its corresponding element in 'y' |

`z = x == y;` |
does every element of 'x' equal its corresponding element in 'y'. |

`z = x != y;` |
is every element in 'x' different than its corresponding element in 'y'. |

## String creation

`s = "this is a string";` |
create string containing 'this is a string'. |

`s = "this is " $+ "a string";` |
combine strings. |

`string sa = { "cpi" "ppi", "m1" "m2" };` |
create 2x2 string array. |

`s = ntos(n);` |
convert numeric 'n' to a string. |

## String array manipulation

`s = sa[r, c];` |
extract the r, c element of 'sa'. |

`s = sa[., c];` |
extract all rows of the, 'c'th column of 'sa'. |

`s = sa[r, .];` |
extract 'r'th row of 'sa'. |

`sa = "producer" $~ "prices";` |
horizontal concatenation of strings. |

`sa = "County" $| "State";` |
vertical concatenation of strings. |

`idx = indsav(what, where);` |
returns the location of the strings from 'what' in the string array 'where'. |

`su = intrsectsa(s_1, s_2);` |
returns the intersection of the string arrays 's_1' and 's_2'. |

## Loading and saving data

`x = spreadSheetReadM(file, range, sheet);` |
reads the specified data into a GAUSS matrix. |

`sa = spreadSheetReadSA(file, range, sheet);` |
reads the specified data into a GAUSS string array. |

`ret = spreadSheetWrite(x, file, range, sheet);` |
writes the data from the GAUSS matrix or string array 'x' into the specified Excel® file. |

`x = loadd(dataset);` |
loads the data from a GAUSS dataset into a GAUSS matrix. |

`ret = saved(x, dataset, v_names);` |
saves the data from 'x' to a GAUSS dataset. |

`x = csvReadM(file, row_range, col_range);` |
reads data from a text delimited file, such as CSV, to a GAUSS matrix. |

`x = csvReadSA(file, row_range, col_range);` |
reads data from a text delimited file, such as CSV, to a GAUSS string array. |